Perceived stress of secondary vocational center directors in Mississippi

Patrick J. (Rick) Saucier

Abstract

This study examined the relationship between the dependent variables of perceived task-based, role-based, conflict-mediating and boundary-spanning stress and the independent variables of educational background, immediate supervisor, age, gender, perceived health, and years of experience as a Mississippi secondary vocational center director. The study participants were the 88 secondary vocational center directors currently employed in Mississippi. Swent and Gmelch (1982) developed the Administrative Stress Index (ASI) in a study of Oregon public school administrators in 1977. The ASI survey was used in this research study of Mississippi secondary vocational center directors. The survey contained 35 questions about normal administrative activities that participants answered on a 1-5 Likert-type scale. The Likert-type scale response categories were "rarely or never bothers me" (1); "occasionally bothers me" (3); and "frequently bothers me" (5). The questions were classified as role-based, task-based, conflict-mediating or boundary-spanning job stress. The statistical technique of linear regression analysis was used to analyze the data that was collected from the Mississippi secondary vocational center directors. The results showed a relationship between boundary-spanning job stress and the independent variables of educational background, immediate supervisor, age, gender, perceived health, and years of experience as a Mississippi secondary vocational center director. There was no relationship between role-based, task-based and conflict-mediating job stress and the independent variables.