An analysis of the "Choro for Piano and Orchestra" (1956) by M. Camargo Guarnieri

Rosangela Yazbec Sebba

Abstract

M. Camargo Guarnieri (1907-1993), one of the most important Brazilian composers, wrote several works for mixed ensembles and solo instruments. His Chôro for Piano and Orchestra , written in 1956, is a representation of Brazilian culture and heritage. This dissertation provides a stylistic analysis of the work discussing melody, form, rhythm, harmony/tonality, and texture with a brief explanation of Brazilian folklore and its influence on Guarnieri's music. Chapter I provides a statement of the dissertation, the purpose and significance of the study, and the exclusion. Chapter II explains Brazilian heritage and includes a short survey of Brazilian music history, from the Brazil Colony to our time. Chapter III is a brief biography of the composer and a description of his compositional style. Chapter IV is an analysis of the work with a historical background of the chôro . In this chapter each movement is analyzed according to the musical elements described in Chapter III. Chapter V is the summary of the study. The uniqueness of M. Camargo Guarnieri's compositions is revealed through a cultural and historical perspective. The analysis of his Chôro for Piano and Orchestra presented in this dissertation shows the influence of Brazilian folklore on his works. As a Brazilian pianist, I feel it is my obligation to champion Brazilian music, especially Guarnieri's works.