The effects of compliance training on compliance and continuous performance task scores of children with AD/HD

Robert Roy Ward


The present study, used a within series simple phase change for 2 students with a replication of 2 others to evaluate the effects of a child compliance training package on compliance and on a computer generated measure of vigilance with 4 children with AD/HD in an out-patient setting. Participants were between 6- and 10-years-of-age and had compliance levels of 40% or less to first-time adult delivered instructions. Students 1 and 3 received effective instruction-giving with contingent response (EID) during Phase I. Students 2 and 4 received time-in (TI only during Phase I. Compliance to first-time delivered instructions increased for all 4 students during Phase I. Phase II for all 4 students consisted of EID and TI. During Phase II, levels of compliance for Students 1 and 3 decreased slightly from Phase I levels, whereas levels of compliance for Students 3 and 4 increased slightly from Phase I. In Phase III, a time-out component was added to complete the compliance training package. Mean compliance levels of all 4 students increased when compared to Phase II. Compliance levels were maintained at approximately 1-month follow-up for 3 of the 4 students. Failure to establish stability of data within phases prior to phase changes limits answering the research questions. The results of a computer generated measure of vigilance were not significant during baseline and limited the opportunity for determining if compliance training had any effect.