Date of Award

Fall 12-1-2007

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Communication Studies



Committee Chair

Susan A. Siltanen

Committee Chair Department

Communication Studies

Committee Member 2

Lawrence A. Hosman

Committee Member 2 Department

Communication Studies

Committee Member 3

Charles A. Tardy

Committee Member 3 Department

Communication Studies

Committee Member 4

John C. Meyer

Committee Member 4 Department

Communication Studies

Committee Member 5

Keith V. Erickson

Committee Member 5 Department

Communication Studies


By examining the effects of powerful and powerless speech styles, gender stereotyped jobs, and gendered voices during the employment interviewing process, this study sought to further the research of Parton (1996); Parton, Siltanen, Hosman, and Langenderfer (2002); and Juodvalkis, Grefe, Hogue, Svyantek, and DeLamarter (2003). This study was designed to further explore the possibility of longitudinal changes within acceptable communicative expectations during telephone job interviewing. Participants (undergraduate and professional) listened to two audio taped interviews manipulated by speech style, stereotyped job title, and interviewee gender. Variables were evaluated on semantic differential scales following the previous work of Parton (1996). Similar to those of Parton (1996) and Parton et al. (2002), results indicated that powerful speech style suggested positive attributions of overall impression and employability; and gender significantly interacts with speech style and attribution of similarity and within several multiple variable interactions. Results further indicated that undergraduate and professional participants continue to evaluate speech styles differently. However, the current study found significance for control-of-self within multi-variated interactions that were previously not found. Therefore, theoretical outcomes and implications within the associated research were addressed.