Anticancer activity and biophysical reactivity of copper complexes of 2-(benzo[d][1,3]dioxol-5-ylmethylene)-N-alkylhydrazinecarbothioamides

Alvin A. Holder, University of Southern Mississippi


A series of copper complexes were synthesized from benzo[d][1,3]dioxole-5-carbaldehyde (piperonal) thiosemicarbazones (RHpTSC where R = H, CH3, C2H5 or C6H5 (Ph)). The complexes show interesting variations in geometry depending on the thiosemicarbazone; a dinuclear complex [Cu(HpTSC)Cl]2, a mononuclear complex [Cu(RHpTSC)2Cl2] (R = CH3 or C2H5) and another mononuclear complex [Cu(PhHpTSC)(PhpTSC)Cl] was generated. The complexes bind in a moderately strong fashion to DNA with binding constants on the order of 10(4)M(-1). They are also strong binders of human serum albumin with binding constants near 10(4) M-1. The complexes show good in vitro cytotoxic profiles against two human colon cancer cell lines (HT-116 and HT29) and two human breast cancer cell lines (MCF-7 and MDA-MB-231) with IC50 values in the low millimolar concentration range. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.