Title

Spectrum-Based Electrochemoluminscent Immunoassay with Ternary CdZnSe Nanocrystals as Labels

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

7-5-2016

Department

Chemistry and Biochemistry

Abstract

Conventional electrochemiluminescence (ECL) research has been performed by detecting the total photons (i.e., the ECL intensity). Herein, systematic spectral exploration on the ECL of dual-stabilizers-capped ternary CdZnSe nanocrystals (NCs) and its sensing application were carried out on a homemade ECL spectral acquiring system. The ternary CdZnSe NCs could be repeatedly injected with electrons via some electrochemical ways and then result in strong cathodic ECL with the coupling of ammonium persulfate. ECL spectrum of the CdZnSe NCs was almost identical to corresponding photoluminescence spectrum, indicating that the excited states of CdZnSe NCs in ECL were essentially the same as those in photoluminescence. Importantly, after being labeled to the probe antibody (Ab2) of α-fetal protein (AFP) antigen, the ternary NCs in the Ab2|NCs conjugates could preserve their ECL spectrum very well. A spectrum-based ECL immunoassay was consequently proposed with the CdZnSe NCs as ECL tags and AFP as target molecules. The limit of detection is 0.010 pg/mL, with a signal-to-noise (S/N) ratio of 3, indicating a sensitive ECL sensing strategy that was different from the conventional ones. This work might open a pathway to the spectrally resolved ECL analysis with even-higher S/N ratios than the fluorescent analysis.

Publication Title

Analytical Chemistry

Volume

88

Issue

13

First Page

6947

Last Page

6957

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