Title

Right Ventricular Dyssynchrony In Pulmonary Hypertension: Phase Analysis Using FDG-PET Imaging

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-1-2017

Department

Computing

Abstract

Background

Right ventricular (RV) performance in patients of pulmonary hypertension (PH) requires optimal assessment. The objective of this study is to develop phase analysis using 18F-fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (FDG-PET) imaging as a feasible tool for evaluation of RV dyssynchrony in PH.

Methods and Results

Fifty-four PH patients with well-characterized hemodynamic parameters were enrolled. All subjects performed FDG-PET imaging for RV phase analysis and RV function evaluation. Two-dimensional echocardiography with speckle tracking analysis was conducted to obtain RV time to peak systolic strain (PSST) as a comparison. The median contraction delay difference between RV middle free wall and septum measured by PET phase analysis (RVPDPET) was 20.12° (interquartile range, 4.99°-30.10°). The median difference of PSST between RV middle free wall and middle septal wall (RVPDEcho) measured by echocardiography was 43.98° (interquartile range, 6.25°-72.00°). RVPDPET was well correlated with RVPDEcho (r = 0.685, P < .001). RV phase standard deviation (RVSD) and histogram bandwidth (RVBW) derived from PET phase histogram were significantly correlated with cardiac index, RV ejection fraction, 6-minute walking distance, and serum N-terminal pro B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) (RVSD: r = −0.532, P < .001; r = −0.551, P < .001; r = −0.544, P < .001; r = 0.404, P < .01; respectively, RVBW: r = −0.492, P < .001; r = −0.466, P < .001; r = −0.544, P < .001; r = 0.349, P = .01, respectively), while there were no significant correlations between RVSD and RVBW with hemodynamic parameters (right atrial pressure, right ventricular systolic pressure, right ventricular end-diastolic pressure, mean pulmonary artery pressure, and total pulmonary resistance).

Conclusions

Contraction delays between RV free wall and septum in PH measured by phase analysis and speckle tracking echocardiography were well correlated. RV dyssynchrony measured by phase analysis of FDG-PET was significantly related to RV dysfunction. Phase analysis of FDG-PET is feasible to evaluate RV mechanical dyssynchrony in patients of PH.

Publication Title

Journal of Nuclear Cardiology

Volume

24

Issue

1

First Page

69

Last Page

78

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