Title

Mindfulness as an End-State: Construction of a Trait Measure of Mindfulness

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

2-1-2017

Department

Psychology

Abstract

Mindfulness has been studied extensively in both basic and clinical settings; however, discussions still persist. The current research approached this issue by creating a new measure of trait mindfulness. The construct defined within is end-state mindfulness and is a tendency to see things as they are moment by moment without any judgment. The newly created scale was validated in three studies. End-state mindfulness was negatively correlated with rumination, suppression, neuroticism, and better-than-average effect, but was not correlated with both positive and negative trait-affectivity; it also moderated negative emotional reactions in the context of mortality salience. End-state mindfulness was differentiated from the past measure of mindfulness in many aspects.

Publication Title

Personality and Individual Differences

Volume

106

First Page

298

Last Page

307

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