Title

Firearm Ownership, Means Safety, and Suicidality

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-17-2018

Department

Psychology

Abstract

Objective

Means safety interventions are effective at reducing suicide rates. This study examined beliefs about firearm ownership or storage and suicide risk, lifetime suicidal thoughts, and openness to means safety.

Method

A community sample of 107 American adult firearm owners (51.4% male; 82.2% White; mage = 37.46) completed a series of self‐report questionnaires via Amazon's Mechanical Turk.

Results

Hierarchical linear regressions indicated that beliefs regarding firearm ownership or storage were associated with openness to means safety measures to prevent a suicide attempt by someone else, but not to prevent one's own suicide attempt. Additionally, results from analyses of covariance indicated that firearm owners with lifetime ideation had stronger beliefs regarding the association between firearm ownership or storage and suicide risk.

Conclusions

Findings indicate firearm owners’ willingness to engage in means safety may be influenced by the degree to which they believe firearm storage is associated with suicide. Furthermore, firearm owners with prior suicide ideation are more open to the idea that firearm ownership and storage are related to suicide risk. Viewing suicide as salient to one's own life may serve as a focal point in efforts to increase openness to means safety among firearm owners.

Publication Title

Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior

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