Title

Establishing Optimal Matchup Protocols Between Ocean Color Satellites and Ground Truth AeroNET-OC Radiance

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

5-10-2019

Department

Marine Science

Abstract

The SAtellite VAlidation Navy Tool (SAVANT) was developed by the Navy to help facilitate the assessment of the stability and accuracy of ocean color satellites using ground truth (insitu) platform and buoy stations positioned around the globe and support methods for match-up protocols. This automated, continuous monitoring system for satellite ocean color sensors employs a website interface to extract and graph coincident satellite and insitu data in near-real-time. Available satellite sensors include MODerate resolution Imaging Spectrometer (MODIS) onboard the Aqua satellite, Visible Infrared Imaging Radiometer Suite (VIIRS) onboard Suomi National Polar-orbitting Partnership (SNPP) & Joint Polar Satellite Sensor (JPSS), Ocean and Land Colour Instrument (OLCI) onboard the Sentinel 3A and Geostationary Ocean Color Imager (GOCI) onboard the Communication, Ocean and Meteorological Satellite (COMS). SAVANT houses an extensive match-up data set covering nineteen plus years (2000- 2019) of coincident global satellite and ground truth spectral Normalized Water Leaving Radiance (nLw) data allowing users to evaluate the accuracy of ocean color sensors spectral water leaving radiance at specific ground truth sites that provide continuous data. The tool permits changing different match-up constraints and evaluating the effects on the match-up uncertainty. Results include: a) the effects of spatial selection (using single satellite pixel versus 3x3 and 5x5 boxes, all centered around the insitu location), b) time difference between satellite overpass and ground truth observations, c) and satellite and solar zenith angles. Match-up uncertainty analyses was performed on VIIRS SNPP at the AErosol RObotic NETwork Ocean Color (AeroNET-OC) Wave Current surge Information System (WavCIS) site, maintained by NRL and the Louisiana State University (LSU) in the North Central Gulf of Mexico onboard the Chevron platform CSI-06. The VIIRS SNPP and AeroNET-OC assessment determined optimal satellite ocean color cal/val match-up protocols that reduced uncertainty in the derived satellite products.

Publication Title

Proceedings Volume 11014, Ocean Sensing and Monitoring XI

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