Torture and Torment
Philosophy and Religion
Torture is one of the central evils of the world. It has all the characteristics of evildoing set out in Chapter 5. Torture violates any standard of moral decency, is unjustifiable and lacks mitigating or exculpating excuses. The torturer inflicts harm on his victims. Torture inverts civilization and disfigures life (from the Latin tortus, having been twisted).
Cosmopolitanism and the Evils of the World
(2020). Torture and Torment. Cosmopolitanism and the Evils of the World, 243-263.
Available at: https://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/17575