Host-guest chemistry of pyrene-based molecular receptors

Erendra Manandhar, University of Southern Mississippi
Karl J. Wallace, University of Southern Mississippi


The design and synthesis of molecular fluorescent sensors that are able to detect cations and anions via changes in fluorescence intensity either by a fluorescence "turn on'', e. g., excimer formation or by a "turn off'', i.e., excimer quenching, is an area of current interest. There has been a plethora of work dedicated to the development of fluorescent chemosensors in the field of supramolecular chemistry. This article will focus on a particular type of molecular receptors, those that contain a pyrene functional group that has been incorporated into the design of the molecular framework. This article will focus on three broad types of pyrene-based molecular receptors: (i) dipodal molecular receptors, (ii) "bowl'' shaped receptors in the form of calixarenes and their derivatives, and (iii) metal-induced self-assembled systems. Published by Elsevier B.V.