Title

Aqueous RAFT Synthesis of Low Molecular Weight Anionic Polymers for Determination of Structure/Binding Interactions with Gliadin

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

8-1-2020

School

Polymer Science and Engineering

Abstract

© 2020 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim Gliadin, a component of gluten and a known epitope, is implicated in celiac disease (CeD) and results in an inflammatory response in CeD patients when consumed. Acrylamide-based polyelectrolytes are employed as models to determine the effect of molecular weight and pendent group on non-covalent interaction modes with gliadin in vitro. Poly(sodium 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropane sulfonate) and poly(sodium 3-methylpropyl-3-butanoate) are synthesized via aqueous reversible addition fragmentation chain transfer (aRAFT) polymerization and characterized by gel permeation chromatography-multiangle laser light scattering. The polymer/gliadin blends are examined via circular dichroism, zeta potential measurements, 8-anilinonaphthalene-1-sulfonic acid fluorescence spectroscopy, and dynamic light scattering. Acrylamide polymers containing strong anionic pendent groups have a profound effect on gliadin secondary structure and solution behavior below the isoelectric point, while polymers containing hydrophobic character only have a minor impact. The polymers have little effect on gliadin secondary structure and solution behavior at the isoelectric point.

Publication Title

Macromolecular Bioscience

Volume

20

Issue

8

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