Multi-Functional and Highly Conductive Textiles With Ultra-High Durability Through 'Green' Fabricaiton Process

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Polymer Science and Engineering


© 2020 Elsevier B.V. Conductive textiles with mechanical flexibility, long-term durability and stability under harsh conditions are highly desired for potential applications in wearable electronics and devices. One challenge associated with the development of such materials is their fabrication method, which requires to be low-cost, scalable, and environmental-friendly. Herein, we developed a full “green” route to fabricate machine-washable conductive textiles by coating textiles with a novel crosslinked and conductive polymer composite coating, using single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWNTs) and bio-mass derived glucaric acid/chitosan (GA-chitosan) organic salt aqueous solution with dip-coating or spray-coating. The crosslinked SWNTs/GA-chitosan polyamide coatings exhibit a high electrical conductivity of up to 7.4 × 102 S/m and high water/organic solvents resistance. The conductive textiles can achieve an exceptional Joule heating performance driven by moderate voltage and exhibit a high electromagnetic interference shielding efficiency of approximately 30 dB at X-band under optimized formulation. The high adhesive energy between the polymer composite coatings and textile substrates enables the ultra-high durability and stability of textiles, confirmed by mechanical deformation, rubbing, and washing tests. This simple and organic solvent-free processing method provides an environmentally friendly, cost-effective fabrication approach, holding great promise for large-scale production of multifunctional conductive wearable textiles for EMI shielding and/or personal heating applications.

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Chemical Engineering Journal