Left-Ventricular Dyssynchrony In Viable Myocardium By Myocardial Perfusion SPECT Is Predictive of Mechanical Response to CRT

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Computing Sciences and Computer Engineering


Objectives: Gated myocardial perfusion SPECT (GMPS) provides a one-stop-shop evaluation for cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT). However, conflicting results have been observed regarding whether the baseline left-ventricular (LV) mechanical dyssynchrony as assessed by phase analysis on GMPS was predictive of therapeutic response to CRT. Since dyssynchrony parameters by phase analysis spuriously increased by scarred myocardium, the purpose of this study was to explore the value of dyssynchrony after stripping off the scar region in correlation to mechanical response to CRT.

Methods: Forty-seven patients following standard indications for CRT received GMPS with phase analysis as pre-CRT evaluation. A decrease of end-systolic volume (ESV) > 15% on follow-up echocardiography after CRT was considered as a mechanical response to CRT. Myocardial regions with less than 50% of maximal activity on GMPS were considered as a scar. The phase standard deviation (PSD) and histogram bandwidth (BW) without or with stripping off scar were assessed by phase analysis of GMPS and were used for evaluation of LV dyssynchrony of all myocardium or only the viable myocardium, respectively.

Results: No significant difference was noted between mechanical responders (31 of 47 patients, 66%) and nonresponders ( 16 of 47 patients, 34%) for PSD (48.6° ± 19.4° vs 43.9° ± 20.7°, p = 0.46) and BW (225° ± 91.1° vs 163.5° ± 94.6°, p = 0.38) of the entire myocardium. However, responders had significantly larger PSD (40.5° ± 15.7° vs 30.5° ± 13.2°, p = 0.03) and borderlinely larger BW (215° ± 91.2° vs. 139.5° ± 78.2°, p = 0.05) than non-responders after stripping off scar. Logistic regression analysis showed that scar area and PSD after stripping off scar were independent predictors of mechanical response.

Conclusions: Our result showed that LV dyssynchrony of the entire myocardium did not predict response to CRT. However, LV dyssynchrony only in the viable myocardium was a significant predictor of CRT mechanical response.

Publication Title

Annals of Nuclear Medicine

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