The Choctaw: Self Determination and Socioeconomic Development

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Book Chapter

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Geography and Geology


Biological, Environmental, and Earth Sciences


This chapter focuses on important US Indian policies that have been implemented. Particular emphasis is placed upon the early policy of termination and its succeeding policy of self-determination. The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians is examined as a case study to illustrate and better understand the effects of these policies on tribal government, economic development on the reservation and changes in the socioeconomic well-being of the tribal members. The continuation of certain federal programs and financial support are critical to continued improvements in education, health, housing and job opportunity for the Choctaw people. Self-determination has enabled the Choctaw to consolidate their political power and decision making and to expand their economic base. More reduction in poverty and unemployment, and increased job opportunity and income, together with overall improvements in the socioeconomic well-being of the Choctaw, are needed in order to get the standard of living closer to the Southeastern region and national averages.

Publication Title

A Cultural Geography of North American Indians

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