Solution-Processable Infrared Photodetectors: Materials, Device Physics, and Applications

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Polymer Science and Engineering


This review is written to introduce infrared photon detectors based on solution-processable semiconductors. A new generation of solution-processable photon detectors have been reported in the past few decades based on colloidal quantum dots, two-dimensional materials, organics semiconductors, and perovskites. These materials offer sensitivity within the infrared spectral regions and the advantages of ease of fabrication at low temperature, tunable materials properties, mechanical flexibility, scalability to large areas, and compatibility with monolithic integration, rendering them as promising alternatives for infrared sensing when compared to vacuum-processed counterparts that require rigorous lattice matching during integration. This work focuses on infrared detection using disordered semiconductors so as to articulate how the inherent device physics and behaviors are different from conventional crystalline semiconductors. The performance of each material family is summarized in tables, and device designs unique to solution-processed materials, including narrowband photodetectors and pixel-less up-conversion imagers, are highlighted in application prototypes distinct from conventional infrared cameras. We share our perspectives in examining open challenges for the development of solution-processable infrared detectors and comment on recent research directions in our community to leverage the advantages of solution-processable materials and advance their implementation in next-generation infrared sensing and imaging applications.

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Materials Science and Engineering R: Reports



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