Exploring the Indirect Effects of Acute Dissociation On Capabliity and Suicide Risk: A Multi-Method Investigation With Augmented Reality
Introduction: The current study aimed to explicate the role of dissociation in the capability and suicide relationship by examining how lifetime and state-based acute dissociation contributes to capability for suicide using a multi-method approach of self-report and augmented reality (AR) laboratory tasks.
Method: Participants (N = 145) were students recruited for course credit at a southern university. Participants completed self-report and laboratory AR dissociative induction tasks. Correlations and mediation analyses were conducted to test hypotheses using SPSS v. 26 and PROCESS Macro.
Results: There was a significant indirect effect on capability and suicidal ideation via acute dissociation (β = 0.035, SE = 0.02, 95% CI = 0.001, 0.095). Additionally, there was a significant indirect effect on capability and suicide attempt(s) via dissociation (β = 0.19, SE = 0.10, 95% CI = 0.044, 0.449).
Conclusions: As prior theories suggest, dissociation may augment feeling disconnected from the body and may temporarily impact capability to render a suicidal act as more probable. The presence of dissociation after a painful and provocative attempt may increase capability and pain tolerance. Implications of these findings include the consideration of dissociation as a pertinent factor in the assessment and treatment of suicide and the role of AR in aiding the exploration of suicide correlates.
Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior
Caulfield, N. M.,
Karnick, A. T.,
Ferguson, A. K.,
Bauer, B. W.,
Capron, D. W.
(2022). Exploring the Indirect Effects of Acute Dissociation On Capabliity and Suicide Risk: A Multi-Method Investigation With Augmented Reality. Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.
Available at: https://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/19849