Synthesis and Characterization of Multiblock Copolymers Composed of Poly(5-methyl-5-benzyloxycarbonyl-1,3-dioxan-2-one) Outer Blocks and Poly(L-lactide) Inner Blocks

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Polymers and High Performance Materials


Ethylene glycol (EG) initiated, hydroxyl-telechelic poly(L-lactide) (PLLA) was employed as a macroinitiator in the presence of a stannous octoate catalyst in the ring-opening polymerization of 5-meth,1-5-benzyloxycarbonyl-1,3-dioxan-2-one (MBC) with the goal of creating A-B-A-type block copolymers having polycarbonate outer blocks and a polyester center block. Because of transesterification reactions involving the PLLA block, multiblock copolymers of the A-(B-A)(n)-B-A type were actually obtained, where A is poly(5-methyl-5-benzyloxycarbonyl-1,3-dioxan-2-one), B is PLLA, and n is greater than 0. H-1 and C-13 NMR spectroscopy of the product copolymers yielded evidence of the multiblock structure and provided the lactide sequence length. For a PLLA macroinitiator with a number-average molecular weight of 2500 g/mol, the product block copolymer had an n value of 0.8 and an average lactide sequence length (consecutive C6H8O4 units uninterrupted by either an EG or MBC unit) of 6.1. For a PLLA macroinitiator with a number-average molecular weight of 14,400 g/mol, n was 18, and the average lactide sequence length was 5.0. Additional evidence of the block copolymer architecture was revealed through the retention of PLLA crystallinity as measured by differential scanning calorimetry and wide-angle X-ray diffraction. Multiblock copolymers with PLLA crystallinity could be achieved only with isolated PLLA macroinitiators; sequential addition of MBC to high-conversion L-lactide polymerizations resulted in excessive randomization, presumably because of residual L-lactide monomer. (c) 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

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Journal of Polymer Science Part A-Polymer Chemistry





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