Incorporation of metallic POSS, POSS copolymers, and new functionalized POSS compounds into commercial dental resins

Paul A. Wheeler
Bruce X. Fu
Joseph D. Lichtenhan
Lon J. Mathias, University of Southern Mississippi


An array of polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) compounds, including metal, methacrylate, and amine functional POSS, and POSS copolymers were incorporated into aromatic and aliphatic dental resins. Heptaphenyl-propylamine POSS and methacrylate derivatives were synthesized by corner-capping and Michael addition reactions, respectively. The POSS compounds were tested for solubility in commercial resins at concentrations of 1, 5, 10, and 15 wt %, followed by UV polymerization of all soluble combinations. The POSS compounds generally increased modulus and had an unpredictable effect on T-g. The modulus of the aliphatic resin increased 83% by incorporation of 15 wt % aluminum-phenyl POSS, while aromatic resins saw a maximum modulus improvement of 18% at 30 degrees C and 72% at 160 degrees C by incorporating 1 wt % of heptaphenyl-methacrylate POSS. (c) 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.