Novel cyanine-AMP conjugates for efficient 5 ' RNA fluorescent labeling by one-step transcription and replacement of [gamma-P-32] ATP in RNA structural investigation
Two novel fluorescent cyanine-AMP conjugates, F550/570 and F650/670, have been synthesized to serve as transcription initiators under the T7 phi 2.5 promoter. Efficient fluorophore labeling of 5' RNA is achieved in a single transcription step by including F550/570 and F650/670 in the transcription solution. The current work makes fluorescently labeled RNA readily available for broad applications in biochemistry, molecular biology, structural biology and biomedicine. In particular, site-specifically fluorophore-labeled large RNAs prepared by the current method may be used to investigate RNA structure, folding and mechanism by various fluorescence techniques. In addition, F550/570 and F650/670 may replace [gamma-P-32]ATP to prepare 5' labeled RNA for RNA structural and functional investigation, thereby eliminating the need for the unstable and radio-hazardous [gamma-P-32]ATP.