Binary frontal polymerization: Velocity dependence on initial composition
Frontal polymerization is a mode of polymerization in which a localized zone of reaction propagates through the coupling of thermal diffusion and the Arrhenius dependence of the reaction rate. The dependence of the front propagation velocity on the initial composition has been determined in initially miscible binary systems of a free-radically cured diacrylate and an amine- or cationically cured epoxy resin. A minimum of the velocity as a function of the monomer mole fraction is observed if the two polymerizations occur independently. Excellent agreement with an analytical description was found with the diacrylate and an amine-cured epoxy but not for a diacrylate and a cationically cured one because of the effect of HCl impurities on the peroxide.