Water-Soluble Polymers. 81. Direct Synthesis of Hydrophilic Styrenic-Based Homopolymers and Block Copolymers in Aqueous Solution via RAFT
Polymers and High Performance Materials
Homopolymers of sodium 4-styrenesulfonate have been synthesized directly in aqueous media by reversible addition-fragmentation chain transfer polymerization (RAFT). The resulting homopolymers have narrow molecular weight distributions, with polydispersity indices in the range 1.12-1.25, as determined by aqueous size exclusion chromatography. Using a dithioester-capped sodium 4-styrenesulfonate homopolymer as a macro chain transfer agent, a block copolymer with sodium 4-vinylbenzoate has been prepared in aqueous media. Additionally, a block copolymer of (ar-vinylbenzyl)trimethylammonium chloride with N,N-dimethylvinylbenzylamine has been synthesized, using the same methodology. We believe these represent the first examples of AB diblock copolymers prepared directly in aqueous media via the RAFT process. Both block copolymers are stimuli-responsive and undergo reversible pH-induced micellization in aqueous solution. Micelles with hydrodynamic diameters in the range 18-38 nm were observed by dynamic lightscattering.
Donovan, M. S.,
Lowe, A. B.,
McCormick, C. L.
(2001). Water-Soluble Polymers. 81. Direct Synthesis of Hydrophilic Styrenic-Based Homopolymers and Block Copolymers in Aqueous Solution via RAFT. Macromolecules, 34(7), 2248-2256.
Available at: https://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/3931