Date of Award

Spring 5-2010

Degree Type

Masters Thesis

Degree Name

Master of Science (MS)



Committee Chair

Daniel Tingstrom

Committee Chair Department


Committee Member 2

Heather E. Sterling-Turner

Committee Member 2 Department


Committee Member 3

Joe Olmi

Committee Member 3 Department



The present study evaluated the effectiveness of 2 time-out procedures for increasing escape-maintained compliance to first-time, parent-issued instructions. Children completed a screening process to determine that each participant exhibited low levels of compliance that were escape-maintained. Two nonconcurrent multiple baseline across participants designs with a crossover element between each pair were conducted to assess the effectiveness of TO and TO-EE at reducing escape-maintained noncompliance. Parents were trained to implement TO and TO-EE. TO and TO-EE were both effective at establishing and maintaining compliance levels at or above 80% when preceded by baseline and when preceded by the other time-out procedure. Results indicated that TO and TO-EE procedures were both effective for increasing compliance levels in children whose noncompliance is escape-maintained. The findings from this study are discussed in the context of previous research investigating the effectiveness of time-out to decrease escape-maintained noncompliance.