Title

Effects of short-term aerobic exercise on older women's attitude toward learning

Date of Award

2001

Degree Type

Dissertation

Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)

Department

Educational Studies and Research

First Advisor

W. Lee Pierce

Advisor Department

Educational Studies and Research

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of short-term exercise on the attitude toward learning in older adult women. For 3 weeks 60 older adult women participated in one of four groups. These groups were randomly selected. The ages of the women were between 61 and 92 years. Each of the participants was given the SDLRS at the first session of each class and again at the last session of each class. Each class consisted of 45 minutes of either aerobics, aerobics and cognitive combined, cognitive group, or roundtable discussion. H 1 : There will be a statistically significant increase in the mean posttest scores over the pretest scores of older adult women who engage in the aerobic exercise class for 45 minutes two times a week for 3 weeks (Treatment #1) on the Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale (SDLRS). There was no statistically significance increase at the .05 level of significance on the posttest scores over the pretest scores of the Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale. This information must be viewed that after 3 weeks of aerobic classes twice a week for 45 minutes each time did not have an effect at a significant level on the posttest score of the SDLRS. H 2 : There will be a statistically significant increase in the mean posttest scores over the pretest scores of older adult women who engage in the cognitive exercise class in which they study the effects of exercise on the body for 45 minutes two times per week for 3 weeks (Treatment #2) on the SDLRS. There was no statistically significant increase in the mean posttest scores over the pretest scores of older women who engage in the cognitive exercise class at the .05 level of significance. H3 : There will be a statistically significant increase in the mean posttest scores over the pretest scores of older adult women who engage in an aerobic exercise class for 45 minutes two times per week for 3 weeks and engage in a cognitive exercise class in which they study the effects of exercise on the body (Treatment #3) on the SDLRS. There was no statistically significant increase in the mean posttest scores over the pretest scores of older women who engage in an aerobic exercise along with a cognitive exercise class at the .05 level of significance. H4 : The mean posttest scores of older adult women who engage in the aerobic exercise class for 45 minutes two times a week (Treatment #1) will be significantly higher than the mean posttest scores of older adult women who engage in a roundtable discussion about current events (Treatment #4) on the SDLRS while using pretest scores as a covariate. The mean posttest scores of older adult women who engage in the aerobic exercise class was not statistically significantly higher than the women who engaged in roundtable at the .05 level of significance. H5 : The mean posttest scores of older adult women who engage in the cognitive exercise class in which they study the effects of exercise on the body for 45 minutes two times per week for 3 weeks (Treatment #2) will be significantly higher than the mean posttest scores of older adult women who engage in a roundtable discussion about current events (Treatment #4) on the SDLRS while using pretest scores as a covariate. The mean posttest scores of the older adult women who engaged in the cognitive exercise class were not statistically significantly higher than the posttest scores of the older adult women who engaged in a roundtable discussion.