An Analysis of the "Choro for Piano and Orchestra" (1956) by M. Camargo Guarnieri

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA)



First Advisor

Stanley Waldoff

Advisor Department



M. Camargo Guarnieri (1907-1993), one of the most important Brazilian composers, wrote several works for mixed ensembles and solo instruments. His Chôro for Piano and Orchestra , written in 1956, is a representation of Brazilian culture and heritage. This dissertation provides a stylistic analysis of the work discussing melody, form, rhythm, harmony/tonality, and texture with a brief explanation of Brazilian folklore and its influence on Guarnieri's music. Chapter I provides a statement of the dissertation, the purpose and significance of the study, and the exclusion. Chapter II explains Brazilian heritage and includes a short survey of Brazilian music history, from the Brazil Colony to our time. Chapter III is a brief biography of the composer and a description of his compositional style. Chapter IV is an analysis of the work with a historical background of the chôro . In this chapter each movement is analyzed according to the musical elements described in Chapter III. Chapter V is the summary of the study. The uniqueness of M. Camargo Guarnieri's compositions is revealed through a cultural and historical perspective. The analysis of his Chôro for Piano and Orchestra presented in this dissertation shows the influence of Brazilian folklore on his works. As a Brazilian pianist, I feel it is my obligation to champion Brazilian music, especially Guarnieri's works.