The Perception of Planning In Higher Education by Chief Administrative Officers of Historically Black Colleges and Universities

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Educational Studies and Research

First Advisor

Arthur R. Southerland

Advisor Department

Educational Studies and Research


The major purpose of this study was to determine the extent of continuous planning occurring at Historically Black Colleges and Universities (HBCUs) and to what extent budgeting is linked to this process. The chief administrative officers of the 110 HBCUs located throughout the United States were surveyed, with a response rate of 72%. The following conclusions were presented: (1) When considering the four characteristics of governance, enrollment size, annual budget, and degree offerings, the characteristic of degree offerings appeared to be of least importance when considering how chief administrative officers regard the importance of institutional planning.(2) Governance appeared to be important when considering the extent of planning. State controlled and public institutions were more involved in maintaining formal planning processes than the private institutions.(3) Institutions with larger enrollments were less likely to engage in planning than those with smaller enrollments.(4) The size of the annual budget was an important consideration for planning. Institutions with smaller budgets were more likely to engage in continuous, systematic planning and to link the budgeting and planning processes together.(5) Planning is more effective at those institutions where the chief administrative officers maintain the leadership role and take precedence over the planning process.(6) The general role of the institution of the institutional research officer involves routine data collection and analysis procedures. However, little attention was given to these data which may be used for planning, decision-making, and forecasting.