An Investigation of the Effect of Exposure To Selected Background Music On the Music Aptitude of Kindergarten Children

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

Robert Tuley

Advisor Department



The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of exposure to selected musical recordings on the music aptitude of kindergarten children. Additionally, qualitative data concerning classroom behavior was collected. The Primary Measures of Music Audiation (PMMA) was administered to experimental and control groups; then for fourteen weeks, experimental groups (N = 47) were exposed to two hours of a selected background music listening program while engaged in kindergarten classroom activities, and control groups (N = 36) were not. Each of the five classroom teachers involved in the study kept a log of other musical activities. After fourteen weeks of treatment, both groups were administered the PMMA as a posttest. Results indicated that exposure to a selected background music listening program did not have an effect on children's music aptitude scores or classroom behavior.