An Examination of Leadership Style and Its Relevance to Shift Work In an Organizational Setting

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)



First Advisor

John R. Harsh

Advisor Department



Researchers have focused on physiological, performance, and attitudinal difficulties for employees working shifts other than permanent days. Generally these difficulties have been attributed to physiological processes, with little attention paid to other factors, such as leadership, that may also play an important role in moderating these problems. Leadership has been found to correlate positively with employee satisfaction and performance for day workers, but this relationship for shift workers has not been explored. Results from the present research suggest that: (a) Leadership style may be different for day and night and shifts, (b) the relationship between leadership and job satisfaction are different for night and day shift employees, and (c) the relationship between leadership and performance appraisal are not different for day and night shift workers. Implications for shift workers and further research questions are discussed.