Acheivement as a Function of Locus of Control and Anxiety in Nontraditional University Students

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Educational Studies and Research

First Advisor

W. Lee Pierce

Advisor Department

Educational Studies and Research


The purpose of this study was to determine relationships among nontraditional university student achievement, locus of control, and anxiety and to determine to what extent age, sex, race, or student classification were related to these variables. Pearson r, multiple correlation, and t-tests were utilized in the assessment of these relationships. The .05 level of significance was employed in all statistical correlations and comparisons of the data. Subjects were 115 nontraditional university students, aged 25 years or older, who attended a regional campus of a major university. All were classified as juniors or seniors. Data were gathered using a Biographical Information Questionnaire designed by the research, Rotter's Internal-External Locus of Control Scale, ad the Trait Anxiety scale of the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory. The subjects' cumulative grade point averages were obtained from the registrar. The following conclusions were made based on analysis of the data. Locus of control appeared to be very closely related to anxiety, particularly for males. Achievement did not appear to be affected by anxiety or locus of control. In some cases, females were more external than males. Female achievement levels were consistently higher than male achievement levels. Increasing age was associated with lower achievement and anxiety levels. Grade point average estimates were not significantly different from actual grade point averages.