Self-Directed Learners: Psychological Type, Locus-of-Control and Selected Demographic Characteristics

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Education (EdD)


Educational Studies and Research

First Advisor

John R. Rachal

Advisor Department

Educational Studies and Research


The purpose of this study was to determine if a relationship exists between the criterion variable of self-directed learning readiness and the predictor variables of extraversion-introversion, sensing-intuition, thinking-feeling, judging-perceiving, locus of control, gender, age, student status, employment status, academic major, parental status, and marital status. One hundred thirty-four junior and senior-level adult college students attending the Gulf Coast Campuses (Gulf Park, Keesler, and Jackson County) at the University of Southern Mississippi participated in the study. Adult was defined as an individual 23 years of age or older who meets at least one of the following three requirements: (1) is a parent, (2) is currently married or has previously been married, or (3) has at some point in his or her life had year-round employment. These students were degree-seeking students in psychology, education, nursing, business, and liberal arts. Seventy-seven percent of the participants were female; consequently, the results may be more representative of female adult learners enrolled in academic college courses for credit. Participants were administered the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, the Self-Directed Learning Readiness Scale, Rotter's Internal-External Locus of Control Scale, and a questionnaire to collect demographic data. Multiple correlation was used to analyze the data. The results indicate that the sensing-intuition preference and to a lesser extent the thinking-feeling preference are significant predictors of self-directed learning.