The self-confrontation method and the assessment of depression
This study examined the Self-Confrontation Method (SCM; Hermans & Hermans-Jansen, 1995)--a constructivist assessment strategy that emphasizes idiographic and nomothetic affective dimensions of personality to determine whether it is a viable approach to the assessment of depression. The self-narratives of depressed and non-depressed individuals were examined using the SCM. College students ( n = 93) were assessed for level of depression, and then administered the SCM and the Bartholomew Relationship Questionnaire. Participants in the depressed group (n = 32) scored significantly higher on negative affect across time dimensions and significantly lower on positive affect in the past and present time dimensions than those in the non-depressed group (n = 60). Scores on positive affect regarding the future did not significantly differ. Participants in depressed and non-depressed groups did not significantly differ with respect to the SCM variables of affect toward self and affect directed toward contact and union with others. No significant correlation was found between attachment dimensions and affect directed toward self or others.