Participation in cardiac rehabilitation post-bypass surgery: Intention, barriers, and benefits

Susan Goetz Bone


This study examined a person's intention to participate in cardiac rehabilitation post-bypass surgery by using the Theory of Reasoned Action (Ajzen & Fishbein, 1980; Fishbein & Ajzen, 1975). To determine a person's intention to perform a specified behavior, a series of questions are asked specific to the behavior. Based on the model's requirements, two components--attitude towards behavior and subjective norm--were used to predict intention to participate in cardiac rehabilitation after bypass surgery. Results from this study predicted less than 20% (R square of .191), with significance of .005, intention to attend cardiac rehabilitation based on the predictors of behavioral beliefs, evaluation of behavioral beliefs, normative beliefs, and motivation to comply. The review of the literature indicated common barriers to lack of participation in adult-related health promotion as well as education activities. Additionally, qualitative results provided by active participants in cardiac rehabilitation explored the reasons for and benefits of participation in cardiac rehabilitation.