The effects of two short-term safety education programs on the knowledge of fifth-grade elementary students in the southern region of Mississippi
The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of two short-term safety education programs on the knowledge of fifth grade elementary students in the southern region of Mississippi. There were three groups of students that participated in the study. Group 1 ( n = 190) attended a Progressive Farmer Farm Safety Day Camp® (PFC). Group 2 (n = 65) watched a series of safety videos compiled by the researcher. These two different instructional methods were designed to provide students with basic safety knowledge related to activities in which children sometimes engage. Group 3 (n = 145) served as the control group and received no treatment. All three groups completed a pretest and a posttest on a safety knowledge survey that the researcher developed. The researcher analyzed test scores statistically to determine if pretest or posttest scores differed between groups. In addition, statistical analyses were conducted to determine if individual group scores differed from the pretest to the posttest. Results indicated a statistically significant difference between the three groups on the pretest with the control group scoring significantly higher than Group 1 or Group 2. The group that attended the PFC demonstrated a statistically significant difference between pretest and posttest scores with posttest score improvement. The video group also demonstrated a statistically significant difference with posttest scores higher than pretest scores. There was no statistically significant difference between pretest and posttest scores of the control group. Finally, there was a statistically significant difference between group scores on the posttest with Group 1 and Group 2 scoring statistically significantly higher than Group 3. Results from the study indicate that either video instruction or a Progressive Farmer Farm Safety Day Camp® are equally effective in increasing safety knowledge among elementary school students in the southern region of Mississippi.