A study of the stress-related behaviors of elementary and secondary school administrators in the southern region of Mississippi
The following question was the focal point of this study: What is the relationship between the dependent variables of levels of perceived task-based stress, role-based stress, conflict-mediating stress, and boundary-spanning stress in school administrators and the independent variables of gender, race, years of experience in an administrative position, and school size? The study group consisted of 130 school administrators currently employed in a public school in Harrison, Hancock, or Jackson County in the state of Mississippi. The instrument in this study was the Administrative Stress Index, which was developed and validated by Gmelch and Swent in 1977. This survey contains 35 situations that are normal occurrences for school administrators. Responses are then classified as, task-based, role-based, conflict-mediating, or boundary-spanning stress. The statistical techniques of multivariate correlation and Manova were used to analyze the data collected. The findings of this study suggest that there is no significant difference between the independent variables in relationship to the dependent variables. However, on the independent variable of gender the study found that male administrators experience a significantly higher level of stress than females. It was also determined in the study that the highest stress means were found on the task based factors in all school sizes.