Extracurricular activities and academic achievement
The purpose of this study was to examine the academic achievement of students who participate in school sponsored extracurricular activities and students who do not participate in school sponsored extracurricular activities using cumulative grade point average as a measure. Race, socioeconomic level, family standing, grading subjectivity or other variables were not examined and received no initial consideration at the time of the systematic selection. The subjects in this study were 1100 students at a large southeastern metropolitan high school with a population that exceeds 3000. The 1100 students in the study were divided into three groups--students who participated in school sponsored athletic extracurricular activities, students who participated in non-athletic school sponsored activities, and students who did not participate in any school sponsored extracurricular activities. Each group encompassed approximately 200 or more students. The information collected was compared using SPSS data analysis software to conduct a one-way ANOVA using Tukey's post hoc test at a significance level of .05. The results of the study indicate that there was a significant difference between the academic achievement of students who participated in school sponsored extracurricular activities and students who did not participate in school sponsored extracurricular activities. Specifically, students who participated in school sponsored extracurricular activities had a higher cumulative grade point average than students who did not participate in any school sponsored extracurricular activities. Students participating in athletic extracurricular activities outperformed non-participants and non-athletic extracurricular participants achieved at a higher rate than non-participants as well. In both cases, the lowest achieving subgroup in both the athletic participants and the non-athletic participants still had a higher overall grade point average than the non-participant group.