An examination of the construct validity, criterion-related validity, and adverse impact of the Cognitive Behavior Inventory (CBI)
Biodata have been shown to be an effective predictor of job performance criteria for a wide variety of occupations in numerous organizational settings, and often results in less adverse impact than do traditional cognitive ability measures. However, calls for research on construct validity, validity generalization, and theoretically-based development methods, coupled with an over-reliance on empirical keying strategies, remain as critical issues for biodata researchers to address. In this study, a rationally keyed, biodata-based measure of cognitive behavior was developed, based on the prototype theory of intelligence. Results indicated that the Cognitive Behavior Inventory (CBI) is a construct valid measure of cognitive behavior, with less adverse impact potential than cognitive ability. In addition, the CBI was the most robust predictor of job performance as compared to a Big Five measure of personality and a traditional cognitive ability test. The CBI shows promise as a response to biodata critics as a valid and potentially generalizable biodata instrument.