Strengthening the link between home and school
The purpose of the present study was to investigate the relationship between elementary students' teacher and parent perceptions of parental involvement as it relates to parenting, communicating, volunteering, learning at home, decision making, and collaborating with the community. A related purpose was to find the school district's status in relation to parent involvement programs and provide information that will assist in the development of real and meaningful programs that promote positive student and parent self-esteem and academic success. The researcher chose to revise and to use two sections of the School and Family Partnerships: Surveys and Summaries For Teachers and Parents in Elementary and Middle Grades instrument, Parent Reports of School Program of All Types of Activities, and Teacher Reports of Total School Program to Involve Families to shorten the length of completion time and created multi-item indicators to strengthen internal validity. Parent and teacher surveys were color coded to allow the researcher to easily identify each elementary school. The results of the multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) confirmed that there was a statistically significant (p = .05) relationship between parent and teacher perceptions of parental involvement variable parenting, communicating, volunteering, and learning at home; however, decision making and collaborating with the community did not reveal a significant difference.