School guidance counselors: Comparing duties of counselors in level one and level five schools and how those duties affect student achievement

Robie C. Greene


School guidance counselor roles have evolved over the past decades. Counselors have been asked to perform several tasks such as: foster learning, deal with school violence and teen suicide, offer guidance for job placements and colleges, and mandate changes made in state testing due to accountability practices. There are duties, however, that are not related to counseling that counselors are asked to perform during their regular work-week that is not student-centered. In the age of accountability, teachers, administrators, as well as counselors, are held accountable for student achievement. In this study, a list of typical duties was measured for time and importance in the Mississippi Public School systems as related to student achievement. The participating counselor's responses were recorded on a questionnaire during the first nine-week academic period. By using MANOVA, the researcher measured the level of significance of the relationship between the hours spent on counselor duties (student-centered and non-student-centered) and the ranking of the importance of those duties as relative to student achievement using the school ratings level system. Results of this study revealed that there was no significant difference between duties of level one and level five counselors relative to student achievement.