Leader behaviors, school climate, school size and out-of-school suspensions in selected public senior high schools
The general purpose of this study was to determine if a relationship exists between out-of-school suspensions in randomly selected public senior high schools in the state of Mississippi and the leader behaviors of their principals and their organizational climate as perceived by their teachers. The study also considered the size of the school and whether or not the variables of perceived leader behavior, perceived school climate and school size alone or combined affected total suspensions for a particular ethnic group. Principals must provide leadership to teachers and other groups associated with the school. Research tells us that the behavior or the leader influences the climate of the school. The personal opinions of teachers about the leader behaviors of the principal and the organizational climate of their individual schools were examined through the use of quantitative survey instruments, the Leader Behavior Description Questionnaire - Form XII and the Organizational Climate Description Questionnaire - Form IV. A total of 93 teachers and 10 principals were involved in this study. Of the 190 surveys mailed, 93 useable surveys were returned for data analysis. The five hypotheses for this study were tested using multiple linear regression and Pearson Product Coefficient Correlation. The.05 rejection level was used in testing all hypotheses. The results of this study indicated that significant relationships do exist between the variables tested in the hypotheses. Seventy percent of the 80 correlations between the (LBDQ) and the (OCDQ) were found to be significant. The results of the tests between the variables of school size and out-of-school suspensions when referenced to specific ethnic groups found that school size was not significant in relationship to black male and black female suspension rates. However, school size was very significant when examining suspension rates for white males and white females. There are several recommendations for further study.