The Total and Specific Dimensions of Self Concept Related to Female Participation In Collegiate Athletics

Dane Bradford Beary

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to determine if differences existed between female collegiate sport participation and non-participation, as well as female collegiate individual and team sport participation on the total, the specific dimensions of self-concept and supplementary scores as rendered by the Tennessee Self Concept Scale Second Edition TSCS:2 (Fitts & Warren, 1996). A subject pool of N=190 participants was used. All subjects included in data analysis were female undergraduate students. A multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) was utilized to evaluate effects of sport participation versus non-participation and individual versus team sport participation on self-concept. On sport participation versus non-participation, a statistically significant difference was found on the variables of physical self-concept ( M =55.75), family self-concept (M =52.19), and supplementary scores of satisfaction (M =51.80) and behavior (M =52.56). No statistically significant difference was found regarding individual versus team sport participation. Ancillary repeated measures analysis of variance of sport participants and nonsport participants self-concept scores rendered by the TSCS:2 was statistically significant on both independent variables. Multivariate pair-wise comparisons based on estimated marginal means yielded profiles for the groups of sport participants and non-sport participants. Both profiles fell into the normal range with sport participants exhibiting a mild deviation in physical self-concept ( M =55.75) and moral self-concept (M =45.64). For non-sport participants a relatively "flat" profile was observed with only a mild deviation in the conflict score (M =52.66).