A Matched Case Evaluation of Robbery Countermeasures Utilized In Fixed Business Locations

Date of Award


Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Criminal Justice

First Advisor

Dennis J. Stevens

Advisor Department

Criminal Justice


In response to the physical and psychological injuries suffered by robbery victims as well as the fiscal losses incurred by retail operations, numerous robbery countermeasures, often referred to as robbery interventions, have been employed by business operations. The utilization of certain robbery countermeasures has in some circumstances been recommended or mandated by legislation, even though previous research on the effectiveness of employed countermeasures has produced contradictory findings. This research reviewed robbery incidents in four metropolitan areas of Louisiana population centers, comparing countermeasures at robbed commercial locations with matched locations that were not victimized, to determine if the presence of countermeasures displaced robbery attempts to locations with fewer or no countermeasures. The countermeasures studied included some of those recommended by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration's Recommendations for Workplace Violence Prevention Programs in Late-Night Retail Establishments (1998) (Appendix A), as well as others that are commonly employed in retail locations.