Cultural Differences in Organizational Citizenship Behavior: A Comparison Between Chinese and American Employees
Management and International Business
The present study examined the differences in the perceptions of organizational citizenship behavior (OCB) between Chinese and American employees. Survey responses concerning the presence of OCB in their organizations were collected from a total of 393 employees. Analyses showed that Chinese and American employees reported similar levels of personal support and conscientious initiative in their organizations, but Chinese employees reported higher levels of organizational support in comparison with American employees. In addition, results indicated that perceptions of personal support, organizational support, and conscientious initiative were a function of job/hierarchical level such that management reported lower levels on all three dimensions of OCB. Finally, the results showed that country and job/hierarchical level do not interact to influence perceptions of organizational citizenship behavior. Implications and directions for future research on cultural differences in organizational citizenship behavior are discussed.
International Journal of Human Resource Management
Field, H. S.
(2009). Cultural Differences in Organizational Citizenship Behavior: A Comparison Between Chinese and American Employees. International Journal of Human Resource Management, 20(8), 1651-1669.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/1115