Title

Effects of Drugs and Alcohol On Behavior, Job Performance, and Workplace Safety

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

9-1-2006

Department

Psychology

Abstract

A study of records for 1 large U.S. company revealed that employees with positive drug screens were fired, whereas workers who self-disclosed drug/alcohol problems remained employed. Both groups were offered substance abuse intervention, and some previously fired workers were rehired after they received treatment. Accident results showed that drug-test positive employees, as compared with self-referred workers, had a significantly higher accident rate in all categories. Treatment data revealed that drug-test positive workers had significantly higher accident rates before and after treatment than self-referred employees. Posttreatment results showed that drug-test positive employees had a significant decrease in accidents after services, whereas the self-referred group showed no change.

Publication Title

Journal of Employment Counseling

Volume

43

Issue

3

First Page

130

Last Page

134