Title

Crystallization Kinetics of Low-Density Polyethylene and Polypropylene Melt-Blended With a Low-T-g Tin-Based Phosphate Glass

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

12-13-2003

Department

Polymers and High Performance Materials

Abstract

The nonisothermal and isothermal crystallizations of low-density polyethylene (LDPE) and polypropylene (PP) in phosphate glass (Pglass)-polymer hybrid blends were studied through differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). As the Pglass volume fraction was increased, the percentage crystallinity decreased. The half-time for crystallization decreased as the propagation rate constant rose, for both of the polymer matrices, with increasing Pglass concentrations. The Pglass was observed to be a nucleating agent for formation of two- or three-dimensional spherulites in the hybrids. Tensile modulus improved for both of the Pglass-polymer hybrids up to 40% Pglass, but the energy to break decreased. Tensile strength changed slightly with the addition of Pglass to the LDPE matrix, exhibiting a larger value than that of pure LDPE at 30%. The tensile strength decreased as more Pglass was added to the PP matrix. The observed differences between tensile properties of the Pglass-PP and Pglass-LDPE hybrids at identical Pglass volume concentration were found to be consistent with that of the crystallization behavior of the hybrids. (C) 2003 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Publication Title

Journal of Applied Polymer Science

Volume

90

Issue

12

First Page

3445

Last Page

3456