Examining the Incremental Validity and Adverse Impact of Cognitive Ability and Conscientiousness On Job Performance
Using archival data from a large home improvement organization, the current study examined the incremental validity of conscientiousness over cognitive ability in predicting different performance criteria. Also, the study examined the effects of conscientiousness and cognitive ability on adverse impact. Results indicated that conscientiousness provided incremental validity over cognitive ability in the prediction of several performance criteria. Specifically, conscientiousness had the highest increases in validity over cognitive ability in the prediction of contextual performance factors (e.g., contextual performance, customer service orientation, dealing with others). However, the addition of conscientiousness failed to ameliorate the adverse impact associated with cognitive ability. In addition, limitations of the study and future directions of research are addressed.
Journal of Business and Psychology
Avis, J. M.,
Kudisch, J. D.,
Fortunato, V. J.
(2002). Examining the Incremental Validity and Adverse Impact of Cognitive Ability and Conscientiousness On Job Performance. Journal of Business and Psychology, 17(1), 87-105.
Available at: http://aquila.usm.edu/fac_pubs/3506