Title

Water Soluble Polymers .34. Ampholytic Terpolymers of Sodium 3-Acrylamido-3-Methylbutanoate with 2-Acrylamido-2-Methylpropane-Dimethylammonium Chloride and Acrylamide: Synthesis and Absorbency Behavior

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1990

Department

Polymers and High Performance Materials

Abstract

Synthesis and viscometric studies of a series of moderate-to-low charge-density terpolymers of acrylamide (AM) with sodium 2-acrylamido-2-methylpropanesulphonate (NaAMPS) and 2-acrylamido-2-methyl-propanedimethylammonium chloride (AMPDAC) have been conducted. Plots of apparent viscosity versus polymer concentration revealed critical overlap concentrations (C∗) in the range 0.10–0.14 g dl−1. The dependence of the reduced viscosity of the terpolymers on temperature was minimal, with only a slight decrease in viscosity observed with increasing temperature. Reduced viscosity was shown to be a function of polymer composition, charge distribution and molecular weight of the terpolymers. The low-to-moderate charge-density terpolymers of NaAMPS with AMPDAC displayed viscosities over 100% greater than the high charge-density copolymers. The superior viscometric characteristics of the terpolymers became more evident as the polymer concentration approaches C∗

Publication Title

Journal of Macromolecular Science: Chemistry

Volume

A27

Issue

5

First Page

539

Last Page

547