Title

The Lithium Chloride/Dimethylacetamide Solvent for Cellulose: A Literature Review

Document Type

Article

Publication Date

1990

Department

Polymers and High Performance Materials

Abstract

Cellulose or poly(1·4)-β-D-D-glucose is the most abundant, renewable organic raw material [1]. The molocular structure (Fig. 1) consists of cellobiose repeating units which allow chain-packing by intermolecular [2] and intramolecular [3] hydrogen-bonding. Such strong interactions are responsible for excellent inherent mechanical properties, yet at the same time, interfere with efforts to process or modify the material. Only in a few instances have cellulose derivatives been exploited commercially and certainly not to the extent predicted from raw material availability and cost. Controllable, uniform derivatization has been hampered by the lack of suitable, nondegrading solvents or by a limited range of synthetic reactions within these solvents.

Publication Title

Journal of Macromolecular Science Reviews in Macromolecular Chemistry and Physics

Volume

C30

Issue

3-4

First Page

405

Last Page

440