Date of Award

Summer 8-1-2023

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Musical Arts (DMA)



Committee Chair

Elizabeth Moak


This research paper focuses on Peruvian musical elements used by three Peruvian composers active in the twentieth century: Luis Duncker Lavalle (1874-1922), Rosa Mercedes Ayarza de Morales (1881-1969), and Edgar Valcárcel Arze (1932-2010). The analysis is centered upon three solo piano works: Duncker’s Leggenda Appassionata (published 1964), Ayarza’s Marinera y Resbalosa (n.d.), and Valcárcel’s Cuatro Piezas Infantiles (1963). These composers represent a cross section, not only chronologically, but also geographically. Relevant Peruvian traditional music (such as mestizo music; Arequipan yaraví; música criolla: marinera, zamacueca; cueca chilena; as well as music of Cuzco and Puno—including from the latter arayachi, phujllay, huiphala de Asillo, pantomino, and that of the sikuri ensembles) and some of its respective features are referenced. Biographical information for each of the three composers is also included as little presently exists in the English language.