Date of Award

Spring 5-2014

Degree Type


Degree Name

Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)


Educational Studies and Research

Committee Chair

Kyna Shelley

Committee Chair Department

Educational Studies and Research

Committee Member 2

Thomas Lipscomb

Committee Member 2 Department

Educational Studies and Research

Committee Member 3

Richard Mohn

Committee Member 3 Department

Educational Studies and Research

Committee Member 4

James McGuire


In difficult economic times a healthy employee that has consistently low absenteeism rates and who volunteers or takes on extra responsibilities at the workplace could be an asset for any business or organization. The personnel component is a significant area of expense for most businesses that includes costs related to salaries, insurance, and training. An effective and efficient employee impacts the morale, productivity, and the fiscal health of a workplace. The aim of the present study was to examine the pattern of relationships between organizational citizenship behavior and employee wellness behaviors. Data sets that consist of a combination of a convenience sample and a snowball sample (N=418) who completed a sixty-nine item instrument were used for analysis in the present study. Exploratory factor analysis was used to reduce data and confirmatory factor analysis was run to test the model fit for the individual instruments and for the theorize model. The results revealed that there is not a relationship between OCB and wellness behaviors. Self-determination theory and conscientiousness personality trait do impact wellness behaviors but not OCBs. According to the results, employees are likely to be motivated to focus on one area of life, such as exercising, and may not have time or the desire to engage in extra responsibilities at the workplace.